masthead, closeup of compass

Pre-School - Early Elementary Instructional Strategies

Helping Your Child Learn Geography
http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content/geog.html#Introduction
This site is designed for parents to gain ideas for activities to use during children's play to informally help them learn more geography--the study of the Earth. Most of the suggestions in this book are geared to children under 10 years of age. The activities and games are organized around five specific themes that help focus their thinking. They are:

  • Where are things located?
  • What makes a place special?
  • What are the relationships among people and places?
  • What are the patterns of movement of people, products, and information?
  • How can the Earth be divided into regions for study?

Five Times Five: Five Activities for Teaching Geography's Five Themes
http://www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson071.shtml
Here is a list of interesting activities to teach the five Themes of Geography and bring the world to your classroom.

Graphic Organizers
http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/actbank/torganiz.htm
This website has 12 Graphic Organizers (template samples and teacher directions) from the SCORE Language Arts website. These will assist all students in taking notes and prewriting activities. This is particularly useful with the second language learner and special education populations.

Graphic Organizers
http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-6293.html?s2
These graphic organizers will help you and your students organize ideas and concepts. These are particularly effective for language learners. Browse this collection of All-Subject graphic organizers including event mapping, folktale problem solving, main ideas/supporting details, and KWL charts.

Timelines: Timeless Teaching Tool
http://www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson044.shtml
Across the grades and across the curriculum, teachers treasure the value of timelines. And all the timeline resources you'll need are right at your fingertips! Included: Activity ideas for teachers of all grades!

Concept Attainment
http://www.windarooss.qld.edu.au/Main_Pages/Strategies/page_4.html
In the concept attainment strategy, students are presented with a mixed group of examples and non-examples of a concept. By observing these examples, the students discuss and list the attributes of each until they develop a tentative hypothesis (definition) about the concept. This hypothesis is tested by applying it to other examples of the concept. Examples could be symbols, words, passages, pictures or objects. In concept attainment students observe, analyze, classify and infer.

Activities for Playground Maps
http://www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson017.shtml
Here are ideas for dozens of ways to use that giant playground map of the U.S. to enhance geographic learning. Don't have one at your school? There is also a link on how to get one painted on your playground.

Learning Songs: Mojo's Musical Mouseum
http://www.kididdles.com/mouseum/h002.html
Here are the lyrics to familiar learning songs, many of which have to do with the calendar, time, and history. Young children love this way to learn.

Questions, comments, and suggestions may be addressed to webmaster@rims.k12.ca.us.

Resources on the SCORE H/SS pages were evaluated by history/social science leaders in California. Going beyond these links allows student access to unknown material. Each school site is responsible for evaluating resources for appropriateness in the local school community.

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