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Middle School - High School Instructional Strategies

Helping Your Students With Homework
Homework practices vary widely. Some teachers make brilliant assignments that combine learning and pleasure. Others use homework as a routine to provide students with additional practice on important activities. And, unfortunately, some assign "busywork." Homework has long been a mainstay of American education for good reason: it extends time available for learning, and children who spend more time on homework, on average, do better in school. So how can teachers ease homework headaches?

Steps to Effective Debate
This one-page worksheet outlines an easy-to-follow procedure for setting up a debate in the classroom.

Introduction to Teaching Strategies
Here is a table of over 30 different teaching strategies useful to social studies including an agree/disagree matrix, a bio-poem, the five whys, four corners, and scored discussion. To view a detailed description of a particular teaching strategy, its implementation steps and suggested visual organizers, click on the name or pdf image to download a pdf file to your computer.

History-Social Science Performance Assessment Rubrics
Here is a set of rubrics to evaluate many types of history-social science activities, products, or projects. There are scoring rubrics for essays, comparisons, maps, interviews, debates, speeches, discussions, timelines, oral reports, etc. These rubrics are a good place to start when creating classroom assessments.

Create a Graph
The National Center for Education statistics has developed this wonderful resource for teachers to use in helping students understand how graphs are used to report information in magazines and newspapers. This site allows students to instantly create their own visual representations in four different forms of graphs.

Graphic Organizers
This website has 12 Graphic Organizers (template samples and teacher directions) from the SCORE Language Arts website. These will assist all students in taking notes and prewriting activities. This is particularly useful with the second language learner and special education populations.

Graphic Organizers
These graphic organizers will help you and your students organize ideas and concepts. These are particularly effective for language learners. Browse this collection of All-Subject graphic organizers including event mapping, folktale problem solving, main ideas/supporting details, and KWL charts.

Creative Writing Process
The Creative Writing Process permits the student author to construct through a series of well planned out stages, a thorough piece of writing that is both organized in its presentation and thorough in its development. Students of history often write poems, short stories, skits and biographical sketches. This process will help guide them in the creation of products of which they will be proud.

A Brief Guide to Writing Argumentative Essay
The art of argumentation is not an easy skill to acquire. Many people might think that if one simply has an opinion, one can argue it effectively, and these folks are always surprised when others don't agree with them because their logic seems so correct. Additionally, writers of argumentation often forget that their primary purpose in an argument is to "win" it--to sway the reader to accept their point of view.

Document Analysis Worksheets
This is a series of worksheets prepared by the National Archives Digital Classroom that teachers can use to help students decipher the meaning of written historical documents, photos, artifacts, films, posters, cartoons, and maps.

SDAIE Strategies
Select from 60 alphabetically listed learning strategies from Anticipatory Chart to Vocabulary Cards that will help English Learners to succeed in content classrooms.

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Resources on the SCORE H/SS pages were evaluated by history/social science leaders in California. Going beyond these links allows student access to unknown material. Each school site is responsible for evaluating resources for appropriateness in the local school community.

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