Born in England, used to comforts. But, the war for independence was in its fifth year, longer than anyone had expected. Esther Reed knew that something had to be done. Together with other women in Philadelphia, she formed the Philadelphia Association, the largest women's organization of the Revolutionary War. The Association, living in warmth while soldiers froze in their tents, decided to take action. They raised money to give to the soldiers. General Washington was opposed to this plan. Between them, they agreed to have the Association make warm shirts for the troops. This was done with each woman stitching in her name on each shirt's collar. This personal touch helped raised the spirits of the those receiving the gift.