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Abigail Adams

When Abigail Smith married John Adams in 1764, she probably wasn't thinking about life in the White House. She was thinking, however. She displayed a great mind and love for learning, teaching herself French. She loved to write letters to friends about liberty.

Staying home on John's farm, she considered herself a farmeress. (Ever heard of that word before?) She wrote to her husband, John, while he was in serving in the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Much of what she had to say made its way into our founding documents. When John and others were considering a declaration of independence, Abigail reminded him to take care of the women, who would not hold themselves bound by laws in which they had no voice.

Later in life, as first lady, she was called "Mrs. President" for her efforts in shaping the country.