Weather Watchers: Notes to the Teacher

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Curricular Area: Science

Grade Level: K-2

H-SS Content Standards

1.2 Students compare and contrast the absolute and relative locations of places and people and describe the physical and/or human characteristics of places.

  1. Locate on maps and globes their local community, California, the United States, the seven continents, and the four oceans.
  2. Compare the information that can be derived from a three-dimensional model to the information that can be derived from a picture of the same location.
  3. Construct a simple map, using cardinal directions and map symbols.
  4. Describe how location, weather, and physical environment affect the way people live, including the effects on their food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and recreation.

4.1 Students demonstrate an understanding of the physical and human geographic features that define places and regions in CaIifornia.

  1. Explain and use the coordinate grid system of latitude and longitude to determine the absolute locations of places in California and on Earth.
  2. Distinguish between the North and South Poles; the equator and the prime meridian; the tropics; and the hemispheres, using coordinates to plot locations.
  3. Identify the state capital and describe the various regions of California, including how their characteristics and physical environments (e.g., water, landforms, vegetation, climate) affect human activity.
  4. Identify the locations of the Pacific Ocean, rivers, valleys, and mountain passes and explain their effects on the growth of towns.
  5. Use maps, charts, and pictures to describe how communities in. California vary in land use, vegetation, wildlife, climate, population density, architecture, services, and transportation.

Overview: Students work in groups to record the weather in different geographical regions and apply weather information to decision making.

Goals: Students will explore concepts of weather including:
(California State Science Framework, 1990)

  • short term weather changes within more general seasonal changes
  • the influence of weather on daily human life
  • affects of severe weather on human life
  • benefits of weather forecasting

Interdisciplinary Connections: Language Arts, Math, Social Science

Prerequisite Learning:

  • ability to name and define seasons in general terms
  • number identification to 100
  • concept of greater than and less than using numbers to 100
  • basic map concepts: land and water, maps represent locations

Length of Lesson: approximately 3 weeks


  • "Weather Wall" Bulletin Board
  • thermometer
  • thermometer skills reinforcement worksheet
  • paper dolls
  • airplane cutout for board display
  • construction paper
  • string
  • large calendar
  • index cards 3" x 5"
  • cotton balls
  • water colors
  • white chalk
  • chart paper
  • weather journals (see suggestions)
  • available resources on weather at your site - books, videos, CD's, laserdiscs, etc.
  • children's literature with a weather theme
  • printer (optional)

Don't forget to visit the Teacher Resources page.