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 Pueblos

The Pueblo Indians were also known as the Anasazi, which means "ancient ones". The Native Americans who were considered Pueblos spoke different languages and lived in independent villages.

Though each group distinct, all shared important cultural similarities. These tribes could be found throughout New Mexico and parts of Arizona.

Pueblo Indians were farmers. They irrigated their fields with river water and built their pueblos mainly from adobe, rather than stone. They grew corn and fruit such as prickly pears.

They used their knowledge in making pottery. Some of the pottery-making skills have survived and is still practiced today.

They used clay pots with sand and smoothed with water. A base of this material is made and they layer rolls of clay coiled on and shaped by hand. They do not use a potter's wheel. The pottery is then dried and often polished with stone.

It is then painted. Colors used are made from mineral earths and other natural sources. Brushes are made from the fibers of yucca leaves. Each Pueblo has its own patterns and designs. Symbols used include snakes, birds, rain, water figures, geometric shapes, as well as sky and cloud forms.

The Native American society was founded upon religious beliefs and ceremonies. They strove to live their lives properly and offer their prayers correctly so the gods would grant rain, good crops, and happiness to the people.

This is a picture of a Pueblo home. It is made of adobe and built into the hills of the area. The society lived together.

 

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