*** ROSA PARKS, 1913-2005 ***



The Mother of the Civil Rights Movement died October 24, 2005. Her dignified defiance in the face of segregation helped America and the world understand the power of nonviolent protest to create a more just society. Learn more about her remarkable life at the following websites:



Remembering Rosa: Profiling Figures in American Civil Rights from 1955-68
In this New York Times lesson, students research and profile figures in American civil rights movement, from 1955-68, to create commemorative posters.  Middle and Upper Grades


Rosa Parks: How I Fought for Civil Rights
At this Scholastic site, Rosa Parks, "The Mother of the Modern-day Civil Rights Movement," describes her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott and helps students understand the importance of every individual citizen in a democracy. Students read her story and express how they would feel if they were in her situation. Elementary and Middle Grades


Teaching With Documents: The Arrest Records of Rosa Parks
This National Archives site features an introduction and documents related to the Montgomery bus incident that touched off a social revolution. See the police report from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat. A teacher guide accompanies the documents.  Upper Grades


Women Who Set the Stage for Rosa Parks

Teaching Tolerance offers lessons about other women who fought for freedom long before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus.

Susan King Taylor
Create a classroom play about Georgia native Susie King Taylor, a teacher who traveled with the Union troops during the Civil War.  Early Grades

Ida B. Wells
The story of Ida B. Wells, a teacher and journalist, uses the example of an everyday act of resistance to prompt student reflections on conformity and activism.  Middle Grades

The Story of Frances Watkins Harper
Frances Watkins Harper challenged power structures in the South by talking to free former slaves about voting, land ownership and education. Her story frames a discussion of racism, discrimination and gender roles. Upper Grades


Other Resources


Rosa Parks Portal
On December 1, 1955, seamstress Rosa Parks changed America forever when she was arrested for refusing to yield her seat to a white patron on a Montgomery, Alabama city bus. Mrs. Parks was found guilty of disorderly conduct and that lead directly to the famous Montgomery Bus Boycott.  This set of links was assembled several years ago but many are still active.

Mighty Times: The Legacy of Rosa Parks
This free teaching kit includes an Academy Award-nominated film and a teaching guide with classroom activities.


Children’s Literature 

Lower Grades

Adler, David.  Picture Book of Rosa Parks. Holiday House, Reprint edition, 1995

Benjamin, Anne. Young Rosa ParksCivil Rights Heroine.  Troll, 1996.

Edwards, Pamela D. The Bus Ride that Changed History : The Story of Rosa Parks. Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

Giovanni, Nikki. Rosa. Henry Holt and Co., 2005

Greenfield, Eloise. Rosa Parks. Harper Collins, 1996.

Kudlinski, Kathleen. Rosa Parks. Aladdin, 2001.

Parks, Rosa. I Am Rosa Parks. Puffin, 2000.

Ringgold, Faith. If a Bus Could Talk: The Story of Rosa Parks. Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing, 1999.


Upper Grades

Brinkley, Douglas. Rosa Parks. Viking Books, 2000.

Parks, Rosa, and Gregory Reed. Quiet Strength: The Faith, the Hope, and the Heart of a Woman Who Changed a Nation. Zondervan, 1995.

Parks, Rosa, and James Haskins.  Rosa Parks: My Story. Dial Books, 1992.

Schraff, Anne. Rosa Parks: Tired of Giving In. Enslow, 2005.

Wilson, Cammie. Rosa Parks. Scholastic, 2001.

SCORE 2005