is Black History Month, a special time to recognize the achievements
of African Americans and to learn more about the hard fought story of
Civil Rights in America. There are countless websites with information
on these achievements, many on SCORE
History-Social Science. Here are a few that align well with California's
curriculum standards. You will certainly want to make them part of your
favorite site is not found here, please make a submission to SCORE by
sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
Black History Month
This list of websites and articles gives the history of Black History
Month and a selection of web resources to study the achievements of African
Americans. Features include A Legacy of Black Talent which will profile,
each day of the month, a man or woman who has made a lasting contribution,
ranging from literature, music, and the arts to science and technology.
First's Black History
Here are six websites that integrate the World Wide Web and video conferencing
into classroom learning.
This Spartacus site has a wealth of information, all cross linked
among the names and topics, for anyone beginning research on a person
or event related to slavery. Beginning with 32 slave accounts by people
famous and obscure, the site then provides 14 articles on the slave
system including the slave trade and life on different types of plantations.
Following this are 14 articles on life in enslavement and 24 articles
on events and issues from the Amistad Mutiny to Reconstruction. There
is a huge list of campaigners against slavery both American and British
with biographical information on each. Standards 5.4.6, 8.6.4, 8.7 all,
8.9.1, 8.9.5, 8.10.4, and 8.11 all.
Resources for Elementary Classes
Booker T. Washington was a great American. He believed that learning
was the most important way to achieve success and happiness in life.
Formerly enslaved, he worked to build a school so that all Americans
would have the opportunity to learn.
Underground Railroad Quilt
Using a quilt drawing as the organizational tool, this elementary
class project on the Underground Railroad has information on routes,
leaders, code words, songs, and much more.
Americans in History
Here are twenty-four brief biographies and pictures of major African
Americans in American history. This is a good place to begin research
on famous Americans.
Birthday, Martin Luther King, Jr.
Here are links to a student-illustrated story and text of the
"I Have A Dream" speech. Original artwork and stories are
outstanding. These children's drawings about Dr. Martin Luther King,
Jr.'s life will inspire you to develop a similar student project in
This short biography of Frederick Douglass includes his three keys
to success. It has three primary source speeches including The Church
and Prejudice, Fighting Rebels With Only One Hand, and What the Black
Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement
This student-developed WebQuest on Martin Luther King is set at
just the right level for elementary students.
Born into slavery, Sojourner Truth was easily one of the earliest
human and women's rights activists. Read the simple words that make
her one of the great figures in American history.
Resources for Middle and High School
This is incredible Library of Congress exhibit on the African American
experience in American history is divided in nine sections: Slavery--The
Peculiar Institution; Free Blacks in the Antebellum Period; Abolition;
The Civil War; Reconstruction; Booker T. Washington Era; World War I and
Postwar Society; Depression, New Deal, and World War II; and Civil Rights.
Civil Rights Museum
This is an excellent site for Civil Rights history. It includes
a virtual tour of the Civil Rights Museum.
for African-American Civil Rights and the Civil Rights Movement
This is a set of reviewed websites on the Civil Rights Movement.
It is an incredibly rich resource for this important era in American
of Science: African Americans in the Sciences
Profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed
to the advancement of science and engineering. The accomplishments of
the past and present can serve as pathfinders to present and future
engineers and scientists. Add to elementary African Americans in History
At the beginning of the 17th Century, both rich and poor Britons
see the newly established American colonies as the land of opportunity.
As changes in England's economy and world of hardships in America stem
the flow of white bond servants, English planters bring more enslaved
Africans to America to raise their profitable tobacco, sugar, and rice
crops and to provide other forms of labor in the North. Gradually, laws
are enacted that define legal status by race, ensuring that Africans
and their descendants will be slaves. Resistance leads to rebellions
in South Carolina and New York. The impact of slavery is felt by everyone
-- North and South, black and white, the enslaved and the enslaver.
Like a Slave
This Colonial Williamsburg Journal article describes life as a slave
in colonial Virginia. Its pictures and personal discussion make the
writing interesting and accessible to students.
It is the evening of September 19, 1676. Smoke and flames fill the
sky above Jamestown, Virginia. The statehouse, a large church, 12 new
brick houses, and six frame buildings are leveled by this manmade fire.
Nathaniel Bacon and a combined group of freemen, indentured servants,
and slaves revel in the aftermath of their victory. It is the time of
from Slave Narratives
This site has numerous links that provide excerpts from stories
by and about slavery and the African American experience from 1682-1937.
The resources are clear and accurate, but the format is mostly text
and difficult for some students. The source is identified at the bottom
of each passage.
Some say that Frederick Douglass was the father of the Civil Rights
Movement. This site is a virtual museum of the artifacts of his life.
This exhibit from the Library of Congress covers four areas -- Colonization,
Abolition, Migrations, and the WPA. The "back-to-Africa" movement
represented by the American Colonization Society is vigorously opposed
by abolitionists, and the movement of blacks to the North is documented
by the writers and artists who participated in Federal projects of the
Works of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
This site has a brief background on Dr. King's life and work, with copies
of many of his speeches and papers.
Tour of the Civil Rights Movement
These photo pages by the Seattle Times reflect a sampling of images
from the national Civil Rights movement and events that happened in
the Seattle area. Rather than being a comprehensive archive, it is meant
to bring the events to life and encourage further investigation.
Rights Oral History Bibliography
This is a bibliography of Oral History Interviews on the Civil Rights
movement in Mississippi. It contains transcripts of the oral histories
collected in l997 of people with a variety of viewpoints about the Civil
Rights movement. It was developed by the University of Southern Mississippi
Center for Oral History and Cultural Heritage and the Tougaloo College
from Birmingham Jail - Martin Luther King, Jr.
In this letter, Martin Luther King answers the criticism of fellow clergymen
relating to the demonstrations and other civil disobedience of the Civil
Rights movement. He outlines why he thinks the fight against injustice
is the essential task for all Christians.
and Activities for U.S. History
Tubman: Guide to Freedom
In this SCORE Language Arts Cyberguide, students read Harriet Tubman
by Ann Petry and then visit the Internet to gather information about
Tubman. After reading, the students create an acrostic poem using
either Harriet Tubman or descriptive words that characterize her.
Students then create a timeline that includes Tubman's birth and death
with five life events in between. Students also write five other details
of Harriet's life along with five quotes from their reading.
St. Louis Courthouse: Site of the Dred Scott Case
Re-enact the Dred Scott case in this simple play set in the Old St.
Louis Courthouse. The case has been called the pivotal event that
led to the Civil War. After the Dred Scott ruling, abolitionists were
discouraged that slavery could ever be ended through the law.
for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War
The issues of emancipation and military service were intertwined from
the onset of the Civil War. There were a series of laws passed to
free slaves whose masters were in the Confederate military. Laws were
changed to allow African Americans to fight for the Union. Examine
documents including a recruiting poster from the time. Write a journal
entry and compare the issues faced in the 1860s to those faced during
the Korean War when the military was finally fully integrated.
Should They Be Remembered? Evaluating the Lives and Legacies of Booker
T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois.
By what standards should we judge people from the past? Do we hold
them to the standards of our day or of theirs? Should we take into
account their backgrounds and circumstances or hold up everyone to
the same standards? These are some of the questions you will have
to consider as you look back at the lives and legacies of Booker T.
Washington and W.E.B. DuBois. These two men both wanted to help uplift
African-Americans from the wreckage of Reconstruction and the ravages
of racism. During their careers, both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B.
DuBois took up the issue of education for African-Americans. You will
be looking at their lives and their writings and deciding for yourselves
how you think these two men should be remembered.
Business: Making Democracy Work for Everyone, 1877-1904
In this simulation, Theodore Roosevelt has called together five "All
Deliberate Speed Committees" to investigate the problems and
issues related to civil rights in the late 19th early 20th centuries
and to offer solutions. It is your job to advise the President.
Learn what jazz is (and what it is not) and how, where, and by whom
it originated. Consider the disparity between American ideals and
realities with regard to civil rights in American history and the
role that jazz played as a symbol of cultural strength and as an outlet
for social frustration. All this is through pictures and media clips.
the Harlem Renaissance
Our class has been asked to produce a Black History video focusing
on the Harlem Renaissance. The International Broadcast Corporation
has asked that we include historical and cultural background, photographs
and interviews with prominent African-Americans associated with the
American Soldiers and the Revolutionary War: Sons of Liberty?
In all, an estimated 100,000 African Americans, about 20% of the
African American population became free during the American Revolution.
The majority of African Americans, however, remained enslaved. The
American Revolution, then, presented an enormous opportunity for African
Americans, but their actual experiences during the war were quite
mixed. In this activity you will analyze a primary source to discover
both the facts and their underlying meaning for African Americans
during the Revolution. Scroll to page 62 of the document.
Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate
In groups, read nine documents from the National Archives and analyze
them to determine the key issues of the Civil Rights movement. What
were the issues that most impacted Jackie Robinson? If five hundred
years from now, these nine documents are the only surviving pieces
of evidence describing the Civil Rights struggle in the United States
in the 20th Century, what information about that struggle would survive?
How accurate would that information be?
But Equal" Revisited
Examine the struggle for desegregation during the Civil Rights movement
and a current study that finds that American schools are reverting
to segregation. First, examine the notion of "separate but equal"
by reading the New York Times front page from the Brown v. Board of
Education decision and by researching different events, legislation
and organizations that influenced desegregation. Assess ways in which
race relations have and have not changed since this historic decision,
examine the recent "resegregation" study, and propose suggestions
for addressing the school segregation issue to local, state or national
Jim Crow to Linda Brown
The era of legal segregation in America, from Plessy v. Ferguson
(1897) to Brown v. The Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954),
is seldom fully explored. It is important to develop an understanding
of the complex themes and concepts of African American life in the
first half of the 20th Century to provide a foundation for a more
meaningful understanding of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Rock 9 - Integration 0: A Collaborative Webquest on School Integration
Learn about nine African-American students who, back in 1957, chose
to attend an all-white high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. They
took these steps with the power of the U.S. Supreme Court backing
them, but with armed soldiers blocking the entrance before them. Still,
this WebQuest isn't just about history. It's about the world you live
in, the choices your community has made in the past and those you
will make in the future about dealing with school integration.
the Bus - Taking a Stand
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested
for refusing to obey a Montgomery bus driver's order to give her seat
up for a boarding white passenger as required by city ordinance. Read
and analyze the municipal and state laws designed to separate the
races that were common in the South at the time. The arrest of Rosa
Parks sparked a boycott against the city's bus line -- the Montgomery
Bus Boycott, the beginning of the modern Civil Rights movement.
What Ways Did the Civil Rights Movement Change America?
In this activity you will describe important events in the Civil Rights
movement, appreciate what it was like to participate in those events,
and explain how those events changed the lives of African Americans.
Part of this is to explain the important role Martin Luther King,
Jr., played in the Civil Rights movement. Recognize alternate views
in the Civil Rights movement and compare them to the views of Dr.
King. From today's perspective, evaluate the successes and failures
of the civil rights movement.
The Legacy of Rosa Parks
The Mother of the Civil Rights Movement, Rosa Parks' dignified defiance
in the face of segregation helped America and the world understand
the power of nonviolent protest to create a more just society. Learn
more about her remarkable life.
Jackie Robinson: Civic
Based on documents from the Civil Rights Era, respond to a list of
possible scenarios and identify different ways in which citizens can
take an active role in government policy-making.
Active Citizenship: The Civil Rights Work of Bob Moses
In the early 1960's, Bob Moses, working with the Student Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee (SNCC or "snick"), organized a revolutionary
grassroots movement that helped thousands of African Americans register
to vote. This effort sparked a violent backlash from white Americans
who resented this challenge to their rule. Moses was followed, threatened,
jailed, and beaten. Being seen with him could get a African American
person's house bombed and lead to arrest, beating, and death. Despite
such challenges, Moses and his colleagues successfully improved the
quality of life for African Americans as part of the civil rights
In this lesson, Moses is profiled as an example of what one person
can do to bring about social change. Students are then encouraged
to follow suit by focusing on an issue.
and Activities for World History
- The Other Gift of the Nile
You have the opportunity to uncover Nubias story on a large
scale. UNESCO (United Nations Educational and Scientific Conservation
Organization) has already funded the construction of the Nubian Museum.
The location is yet to be determined. UNESCO would like to extend
this historic project by erecting a monument to symbolize Nubian history
and accomplishments. The members of UNESCOs Design Review Team
envision a monument of grand proportions that would rival the many
Egyptian monuments that continue to draw visitors from all over the
world. They have asked you and your teammates to enter their Nubian
Monument Design Competition.
to Mecca: Mansa Musa Makes the Hajj
In the fourteenth century, the African Empire of Mali was a glittering
jewel of scientific, mathematical, architectural, cultural and artistic
achievement. Ruling over this glorious center of learning and culture
was the devoutly Muslim ruler Mansa Musa. In 1324 AD, Mansa Musa,
fulfilled one of the five pillars of Islam by making the Hajj or holy
pilgrimage to Mecca. Become a member of Mansa Musa's court and participate
in this once-in-a-lifetime journey to the holy city of Mecca! Become
councilors in Mansa Musa's court charged with preparing a report on
the short- and long-term effects of this journey on the future of
the Empire of Mali.
Working in teams by region, you will create a Museum of African
Art. Find art on the web and organize an exhibit for others to see
and learn. Each object must be annotated as to its origin and significance
so the museum so that visitors will come to understand more about
African Kingdoms - A Problem-Based Activity
You are applying for a new position with TimeWrinkle.com, a travel
agency that can transport people to all corners of the world as well
as to any era in the past. Time Wrinkle.com is looking for a team
that can promote travel to the Medieval kingdoms of Ghana, Mali and
Songhay. Will you be part of the winning team? Your mission is to
develop a winning promotional campaign for one of the three kingdoms
of ancient western Africa. You will use the resources listed on the
materials page to discover all you can about these kingdoms. You will
need to learn about all three kingdoms because you will be judging
the materials created by the other groups, not only for appearance,
but also for accuracy and completeness.
This ArtsEdge lesson introduces the legendary Malian king Sundiata Keita,
known as the Lion King of Mali, by using elements of traditional Malian
festivals. As students learn about Sundiata's thirteenth-century battle
to liberate his people from an oppressive ruler, they will recreate
the story in a masked festival that takes elements from two of the most
important Malian ceremonies: the Dama and the Sirige. As students work
in groups to design a Sundiata festival, they will create character
masks based on animals whose qualities mimic the personalities of specific
characters in the story. In preparation for this, students will research
the behavior and habitat of the animals that on which their masks are
based. Students will also explore archetypal patterns seen in myths
about heroes such as Sundiata. Standard 7.4.1