diseno - hand-made map
adobe - clay bricks made from a mixture of clay, water, and straw, that were sun-baked
casa - house or home
vaqueros - Indian or Mexican - a superb horseman, highly skilled in the use of the reata, or lasso. Pay for a good vaquero was $12 to $15 a month plus primitive living quarters, food, horses, saddle, reata, and other necessary equipment.
mayordomo - rancho manager - the person who represents the interest of the rancho and is subject only to the ranchero. He takes care of the cattle and does as told whether to deliver or sell cattle, and he arranges the labor of the rancho.
mission - a settlement formed by the Catholic priests in order to bring their religious beliefs to the local people