tallow - fat collected from cattle which was sold or used to make soap or candles

carreta - roughly made ox-cart

mission - a settlement formed by the Catholic priests in order to bring their religious beliefs to the local people

vaqueros - Indian or Mexican - a superb horseman, highly skilled in the use of the reata, or lasso. Pay for a good vaquero was $12 to $15 a month plus primitive living quarters, food, horses, saddle, reata, and other necessary equipment.

adobe - clay bricks were made from mixture of clay, water, and straw, that were sun-baked

casa - house or home

rancherias - small village of Indian huts located on a rancho

caballada - band of carefully trained horses

recogida - round-up of horses