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INTRODUCTION: When Americans won the Revolution, little did they know that their battles were just beginning. Several of these conflicts gave birth to political parties. Two of the Founding Fathers most often credited with the beginning of political parties in America are Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. Both these two patriots loved their country and wanted America to be a strong, powerful nation. Both of these men served as advisors and Cabinet members to President Washington. Jefferson was the Secretary of State, while Hamilton was the Secretary of the Treasury. George Washington relied heavily upon the advice from these men. The advice and philosophical beliefs of Jefferson and Hamilton have helped shape our current political parties. Indeed, if one listens carefully during this election year, some of the same issues can be heard being discussed. Republicans and Democrats will heatedly debate what they believe to be the best course for America to travel as she enters the 21st century.