Joseph Keppler anti-Catholic cartoon. "The Attack on the Outer Ramparts - First the House of Refuge - then the Public Schools - Then the Constitution." The ramparts guard non-sectarian institutions under attack by the Roman Catholic Church, led by Irish priests. The Irish vote is represented by the flag: In hoc signo vinces. Repulsing attack. Puck, N.Y. Times, N.Y. Evening Post, and N.Y. Herald, 1885.