Museum of Native American Cultures
Many of you may have noticed that there has been a rebirth of interest in Native American history and cultures all over the United States in recent years. This has led to a flourishing of Indian arts and to the development of many new museums. A new Native American museum is being built in your state and your class has just received the following letter from its director.
|Map of the Pre-Columbian Indian Macro-Cultures
Click on the region for list of common characteristics for Native American peoples of that macro-culture. Print out and create a poster of the map for the entrance to the classroom museum.
|Cliff Dwellers and Pueblo People|
|Pueblo Indian History
Here is an annotated timeline fo Pueblo Indian history from approximately 10,000 B.C. to the present. Included are descriptions of five stages of Pueblo life including: Pueblo I (A.D. 750900), Pueblo II (A.D. 9001150), Pueblo III (A.D. 11501300), and Pueblo IV (A.D. 13001600), and Pueblo V (A.D. 1600present). Standard 5.1.1
Of Stone and Stories: Pueblitos of the Dinetah
This site begins with a Dinetah creation story and then provides well illustrated information on Indian people of the southwest including pueblito architecture, clothing, tools, etc. History of New Spain and a timeline showing Indian events alongside European ones is very helpful. There are two sections on archaeology. Standards 5.1.1 and 5.1.2
Indian Pueblo Cultural Center
This page is working with nineteen pueblos in the Southwest to provide historical and cultural information. In addition to links to individual pueblos, there is overview information about pueblo people as a whole. Standards 5.1.1 and 5.1.2
|Blackfeet History and Culture
Like many of the Great Plains tribes, the Blackfeet originally lived far to the east in the area north of the Great Lakes. It is thought they even ranged as far east as Labrador, so anthropologists sometimes classify them in prehistory as one of the eastern woodlands tribes. This site discusses their history and includes some of their stories, a timeline, and biographies of important leaders.
Historic Native Americans in the Mississippi Valley
This University of Arkansas site has a brief, clearly written history of the major nations of the Mississippi valley including the Osage, Caddo, and Chickasaw.
At The Osage Village Council
This link is to a WebQuest for fourth grade students in which there are useful links to resources about the history and culture of the Osage people as well as the Treaty of 1808.
Buffalo and The People
This short article by Emma I. Hansen, Curator of the Plains Indian Museum describes the importance of the buffalo to the Plains Indian culture and economy both before and after the arrival of the Europeans. Standard 5.1.3
Dakota, Lakota, Nakota, and Anishinabe People
Written by the Minnesota historical Society, this site provides a brief overview of the history, culture and key leaders of the Dakota, Lakota, Nakota, and Anishinabe nations.
This article from the Encyclopedia of North American Indians describes much about the history, culture, and interactions with Europeans by the Western Apache people.
This site, written by Lee Sultzman of the Old Fort Johnson French and Indian War museum, describes the history and culture of the Iroquios people at the time of European settlement. Like most Indian names, Iroquois came from others. The Iroquois call themselves Haudenosaunee meaning "people of the long house." There is a wealth of information here. Standard 5.1.1, 5.1.2, 5.1.3, and 5.3.3
History of the Choctaw Nation
Select History for the navigation bar. Then you will find a list of chiefs, interviews, the Choctaw Trail of Tears, the Code Talkers, national history and Oklahoma history. Standard 5.1 all, 8.8.2, and 8.12.3
The Cherokee Nation
This official Cherokee site has primary sources and historical information about the Cherokee people. Included are oral histories, the text of more than ten treaties, a 1716 price list of goods priced in deer hides. There is particular detail on the Trail of Tears and the Civil War.
Oneida Nation Culture and History
This Oneida Nation site traces the history of the people with specifics about the American Revolution, the War of 1812 and also legends and stories of the people.
Scenes from the Eastern Woodlands: Virtual Tour 1550
In brief, clear language support by detailed color drawings, this site explains what life was like among Eastern Woodlands people in the mid 1500s. There are pages on building wigwams, making pottery, hunting and much more. It links to other technologies and arts for Eastern Woodlands peoples.
Traditional Stories, Legends and Myths of Southeastern Tribes
Seminole Legend of Grey Bear from a handsome book of traditional stories by storyteller Betty Jumper. Seminole Creation Story, as told by James E. Billie. Choctaw: Why the Possum Has a Large Mouth told at Bayou Lacombe sometime in the early 1900's. Cherokee: Why Possum's Tail is Hairless from website that has a collection of info about possums and skunks. Cherokee Myth of the Crane, by Tom Belt. The Origin of Disease and Medicine A Cherokee story from the on-line Cherokee Messenger, transcribed from James Mooney, 1890, Myths and Legends of the Cherokee. Cherokee Bear Story From MasterCard International World-wide Stories, source, teller unidentifiable.
Traditional Stories, Legends and Myths of the Woodland Tribes
Here are over twenty traditional stories from the indigenous nations of the northeastern America.
|Library of Congress-American Memory Collection
American Indians of the Pacific Northwest
This digital collection integrates over 2,300 photographs and 7,700 pages of text relating to the American Indians in two cultural areas of the Pacific Northwest, the Northwest Coast and Plateau. These resources illustrate many aspects of life and work, including housing, clothing, crafts, transportation, education, and employment. The materials are drawn from the extensive collections of the University of Washington Libraries, the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture (formerly the Cheney Cowles Museum/Eastern Washington State Historical Society), and the Museum of History and Industry in Seattle.
A History of the Northwest Coast
This history is written as a hotlinked timeline of European-Indian interactions beginning in 1774. The links lead to explanations of the economy of the Indian northwest, native stories, key people and more.
|Nez Perce Indian History
This brief site provides an overview of Nez Perce history and links to other historical and cultural information.
|Native American Documents Project
This is an interactive online version of the California section of the 1952 compilation of ethnographic by John R. Swanton, The Indian Tribes of North America, with an extensive introduction. Information about native groups can be accessed by clicking on their names on two maps, one for Northern California, the other for Southern California.
View from Native California: Lifeways of California's Indigenous People
This history by Tad Beckman, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, describes the indigenous people of California and how they adapted to the state's widely diverse environmental regions. Indians developed small communities that were largely sedentary and cooperative societies, woven intimately into micro ecological niches. The terrain available in California was so varied that even larger tribal territories tended to split up into tribelet domains in which small collections of communities developed cultural traditions that suited their own particular environments. In all there were more than one hundred different tribes and tribelets in California with thoroughly developed, distinctive languages and cultural traditions.
This site is organized around three basic topics: an Historical Sketch; Culture Areas; and Medical Practices. The Historical Sketch traces the social and cultural evolution of the native peoples, beginning with their first appearance and ending with the contemporary scene. The Culture Area section takes a look at the manifold economic and social adaptations made by the native peoples just prior to and shortly after the coming of the Europeans. The last topic, and it's a broad one, is Medical Practices of the Native Californians. In this section we will examine the roles of health care providers, concentrating on how plants were used in maintaining and restoring health to both the individual and the community.
Four Directions Institute: California Indians
Here is a list of over 40 California tribes with a map, a brief history and timeline, and related resources links with cultural information for each group.
California Indian Baskets
This site has California Indian artifacts for sale, especially Indian baskets from northern California. The clear, detailed pictures may be enlarged for whole class projection. There is much here for the classroom but be careful not to inadvertently buy something.
Federally Recognized California Tribes
This California map shows counties in pale colors for reference. For the listing of California recognized tribes as published in November 1996 in the Federal Register.
Traditional Stories, Legends and Myths
How Coyote Stole Fire: A California Karok tale, typed as retold in Virginia Haviland's North American Indian Legends, 1916.
|Encyclopedia of North American Indians
This is a general reference site on American Indians with hundreds of articles about Native Americans by individual, tribe, topic, organization, etc. The articles are written by scholars and usually have bibliographies to guide further research.
Native Americans and the United States Government: A Guide to Sources
Since Native Americans inhabited the North American continent for thousands of years prior to European colonization, their special status as the original proprietors of the land largely defined their eventual relationships with the United States government.
University of Missouri Columbia: Museum of Anthropology
The Museum's ethnographic collection comprises items representing historic native cultures of North America. The Native American collection includes items from Arctic, Southwestern, Plains, Northwest Coast, and Eastern Woodlands groups.
Each student will be evaluated based on the part of the project he/she contributed. Each part of the project will be evaluated on the following criteria:
Historical/cultural accuracy 60%
Quality of display presentations 25%
Oral Presentations 15%
[For teachers: It is recommended that the teacher also evaluate intra-group cooperation based on day-to-day working of the group and how well the students performed their assigned roles.]