Standards Addressed



History Social Science Standards
    The History Social Science Standards serve as a guideline for implementing this project within the parameters of the Second through Sixth grade curricula. Many of  the individuals on the heroes' chart were chosen because they were recommended in the standards listed below. There are many others whose lives have shaped American history- have fun discovering them.

    2.5 Students understand the importance of individual action and character and explain how heroes from long ago and the recent past make a difference in others' lives (e.g., biographies of George Washington Carver, Marie Curie, Louis Pasteur, Albert Einstein, Indira Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Jackie Robinson)

    3.4 Students understand the role of rules and laws in our daily lives, and the basic structure of the United States government, in terms of:

      6. the lives of American heroes who took risks to secure freedoms (e.g., biographies of Martin Luther King, Jr., Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, Harriet Tubman)

    4.3 Students explain the economic, social, and political life of California from the establishment of the Bear Flag Republic through the Mexican-American War, the Gold Rush and California statehood, in terms of:

      2. comparisons of how and why people traveled to California and the routes they traveled (e.g., biographies and legends of James Beckwourth, Jedediah Smith, John C. Fremont, Juan Cabrillo)

      3. the effect of the Gold Rush on settlements, daily life, politics, and the physical environment (e.g., biographies of John Sutter, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, Phoebe Apperson Hearst)

      4. the lives of frontier women (e.g., biographies of Bernarda Ruiz, Biddy Mason)

      4.4 the impact of 20th century Californians on the nation's artistic, cultural and development, including the rise of the entertainment industry (e.g., biographies of John Steinbeck , Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, Walt Disney)

    5.2 Students describe the cooperation and conflict that existed among the Indians and between the Indian nations and the new settlers, in terms of:

      6. the influence and achievements of significant leaders of the time (e.g., biographies of Abraham Lincoln, John Marshall, Andrew Jackson, Chief Tecumseh, Chief Logan, Chief John Ross, Sequoyah)

      2. the major individuals and groups responsible for the founding of the various colonies and the reasons for their founding (e.g., John Smith and Virginia, Roger Williams and Rhode Island, William Penn and Pennsylvania, Lord Baltimore and Maryland, William Bradford and Plymouth, John Winthrop and Massachusetts)

    5.4 Students explain the causes of the American Revolution, in terms of:

      4. the views, lives, and impact of key individuals during this period (e.g., biographies of King George III, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams)

      3. the different roles women played during the Revolution (e.g., Abigail Adams, Martha Washington, Molly Pitcher, Phyllis Wheatley, Mercy Otis Warren)




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