Exports and Imports


Exports were the raw materials or finished products that the colonists traded or sold to other countries. Each of the thirteen colonies were noted for different exports. The following is a list of the colonies and their exports.

New England Colonies:

New Hampshire
Cattle, lumber, fish, and fur

Rhode Island
Cattle, corn, lumber, and ships

Fish, whale products, fur, timber products, metals and metal products, raw wool, and ships

Flour, dried meat, fish, rum, amd iron bars

Middle Colonies:

New York
Fur, timber, foodstuff, cattle, horses, beer, fine flour, flax, and iron bars

New Jersey
Cattle, flax, Indian com, wheat, and flour

Foodstuff, wheat, corn, apples, dairy cattle, glass, wine, beer, rope, and bricks

Furs, tobacco, meat, grain, flour, bread, barrel staves, lumber, horses, cloth, and iron

Southern Colonies:

Flax, grams, corn, tobacco, fruit, vegetables, fish, iron, lumber, clay, bricks, beaver, and ships

Wheat, flax, tobacco, corn, and iron

North Carolina
Tobacco, wheat, corm, forest products ( tar, pitch, lumber), barrel staves, furs, metals, wine glass, and for a time even exotic birds

South Carolina
Rice, indigo, beef, silkworms, cotton, furniture, lumber, some tobacco, grapes, wine, olives, raisins, capers, and currents

Rice, clay, pottery, cotton, indigo, tobacco, fruit, barrel staves, and pork


Imports are all products brought into the colonies most of which were from England. Colonists imported much more than they exported so, the balance of trade was in England's favor. The colonists imported (or made at home) almost everything they needed to sustain life: Clothing, fumiture, tools, silver, books, some foodstuffs, leathergoods, sugar, molasses, weapons and slaves.

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