Little Bear Valley Lessons

Arrowhead ABC Books

Purpose: To reinforce students' knowledge of Lake Arrowhead's history.

Standards addressed: History-Social Science: 3.1. Identify geographical features in their local region (e.g., deserts, mountains, valleys, hills, coastal areas, oceans, lakes). 4.1.Students demonstrate an understanding of the physical and human geographic features that define places and regions in California. Language Arts Standards: Writing, Grade two: 1.1 Students write clear and coherent sentences to develop a central idea. Grade three, Written and oral language conventions: 1.9 Arrange words in alphabetical order. Science: Kindergarten: 2.0 Different types of plants and animals inhabit the Earth. Third grade: 3.0.b. Diverse life forms are in differnet environments.

Materials: Construction paper, pencils, crayons, markers, glue, scissors

Procedure: Using Lake Arrowhead as a theme, students will make a n ABC book with separate pages for each letter of the alphabet illustrating the geology, history, flora, and fauna of the area. For example; A is for acorns, the main food of the Serrano Indians, B is for bobcat, a small wild cat in our mountains, C is for cowboys, who drove the herds of cattle raised in Little Bear Valley, etc.

 Paper Bag Vests

Purpose: Bring Little Bear Valley's history alive by having your students make a cowboy vest.

Standards Addressed: History-Social Science: 2.1 Students differentiate between things that happened long ago and things that happened yesterday. 3.3 Students draw from historical and community resources to organize the sequence of local historical events and describe how each period of settlement left its mark on the land.

Materials: Brown paper grocery bag, scissors, crayons, markers, glue, construction paper stars or conchos.

Procedure: Lay out a grocery bag, pulling out the sides and bottom. Cut semicircles out of the folded corners to form the arm holes. Cut up the center of the bag to make the front opening. Cut one inch up from the bottom about 1/2 inch apart to make fringe. Decorate with conchos, stars, and western designs.

Extension: Students write a fictional story about the character who might have worn their vest.

Alternate version: Students can make a vest decorated with Indian motifs.

Little Bear Diorama

Purpose: To reinforce knowledge of local history.

Standards Addressed: History Social-Science: 3.1.1. Identify geographical features in their local region (e.g., deserts, mountains, valleys, hills, coastal areas, oceans, lakes). 3.2.2.Discuss the ways in which physical geography, including climate, influenced how the local Indian nations adapted to their natural environment (e.g., how they obtained food, clothing, tools).3.3.3. Trace why their community was established, how individuals and families contributed to its founding and development, and how the community has changed over time, drawing on maps, photographs, oral histories, letters, newspapers, and other primary sources.

Materials: Local maps, old photos of cowboys and the local area, boxes(shoe, shirt, cereal), construction paper, crayons, markers, glue, tape

Procedure: Students create a diorama depicting their view of Little Bear Valley at the height of the cattle and sawmill days in the 1800s.

Alternate version: Students depict Rock Camp as they believe it might have looked before European contact.

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