Scaffolding the Non-Fiction. Text for Students


It deliberately slows down the reading process for greater comprehension, helping students question, wonder, analyze, summarize, and synthesize.


Before During After
Before Reading Reading

< ------------------------------ Questioning/Analyzing ----------------------------- >

-take notes  -monitor comprehension   -review
-underline    (metacognition)  -summarize
-survey -self-test  -synthesize
-outline  -generate answers  (group or
-organize -generate more questions    individual)


Share the challenges of reading non-fiction text with the students ("inconsiderate" vs. "considerate" text, to quote Keene/Zimmerman from Mosaic Of Thought).

Share strategies they can use to "scaffold" text (SQRRR, RAD Survey, notes, outlines, etc.).

Let students know before they read what it is that you expect them to know when they are finished.

Show students that reading is interactive!

"The research shows that children who struggle as readers tend not to ask questions at any time as they read -- before, during, or after... They're inert as they read. They read -- or I should say they submit to the text -- never questioning its content, style, or the intent of the author."

Keene/Zimmerman Mosaic Of Thought

Home | Why Teach Content Reading? | Information Literacy | Reading To Learn

Informational Text | Reading Comprehension Strategies | Previewing Text | Be a SMART Reader!

Questioning The Author | Questioning The Author: Discussion Moves | Reciprocal Teaching | Reciprocal Teaching

Read, Cover, Remember, Retell | Understanding Text Structure | How To Take Notes | Research Skills 2000 | How To Read A Standardized Test

Ways to Scaffold Content Area Text For Students | Graphic Organizer Curbs Temptation To Plagiarize | Books That Support Literacy in the Content Areas