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IV. Step by Step Process:

1. Organize into groups of eight people. Yes you, may choose your group members, only if you choose wisely. If you cannot choose wisely, the teacher will help you.

2. Distribute 1/4th of this chart to each group. This chart will guide your research. Two people need to pick the philosophy at the top of the chart. Everybody else needs to pick their topics. Now re-divide the group so there are groups of four; make sure each group has one philosopher researcher. After the research is complete the two halves will reunite as one powerful team of experts… only if the philosopher research is significantly different.

Cut this chart into fourths by the columns. Initially form groups of eight students. Two students research the philosophy. Each of the other students picks one of the other choices on the table. When you research your topic, be sure to focus on the topic within the context of the particular philosophy. For example if you are a scholar in the Buddhist Group, research how Buddhism would impact scholars and vice versa. If you are in the Legalist group and a scholar, your experience would be different from the Buddhist. Once you have the eight topics, divide the groups in half, making sure that each half has a philosopher-researcher. The smaller groups will help the students manage their tasks more successfully.

Buddhism Daoism Confucianism Legalism
Chinese New Year Chinese Lantern Festival Chinese Dragons China Timeline 300 BCE -300 CE
Women Bureaucrats Farmers Merchants
Scholars Peasants Nobility Emperors
Warlords Women Elderly Civil Servants
Nobility Emperors Warlords Scholars
Merchants Elderly Merchants Peasants


In helping the Philosopher Researchers to divide up the research, a wise idea would be to have one of the two students research the sage’s life and the other student research the beliefs and impact of that person’s philosophy. Here is a quick reference chart;
Buddha = Siddhartha Gautama
Daoism = Lao Tzu
Confucianism = Kongfuzi or Confucius
Legalism = Han Fei Tzu or Hanfiezi

3. Divide up jobs among group members. (Refer to job chart) Review rubric and imbedded assessment criteria for this assignment/adventure.

4. Begin researching your topic. You may use the internet sites in this lesson, the library, and/or books in your classroom or home.

5. You have 14 days for this project. On the 15th day you will share your recommendations with the emperor (your teacher). Your presentation may be a poster, website (that you created), a skit (that you write and perform), or a PowerPoint© Presentation. What matters most is that you are creative, and can convince the emperor (your teacher) which belief system will be best for the majority of Chinese; thus reuniting China. Be sure to include a map of China reunited. What this really means is that you have 10 days in class (maximum) and need to work productively out of class for 4 days.