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II. Introduction:
In the United States, every morning millions of students say the Pledge of Allegiance. Recently this has become a very controversial thing to do, partly because of the phrase, “One nation under God…” So the question becomes, does the Pledge of Allegiance unite or divide Americans? For hundreds of years the Chinese have lived with three predominant philosophies concurrently. For over 2000 years of China’s history, Buddhism ,Confucianism, and Daoism (Taoism) have coexisted in the people’s lives. Of these three, only Buddhism is an actual religion. The other two are philosophies. There was a fourth philosophy of Legalism, which gave absolute power to the legal ruler. Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism emerged approximately 500 B.C.E. Buddhism came to China from India via the Silk Road approximately 65 C.E.


Buddhism

Confucianism

Daoism (Taoism)

Legalism