First Grade, Washington School, Topeka, Kansas, 1956
Joe Douglas Collection, Kansas Collection, University of Kansas Libraries
Timeline of the American Civil Rights Movement
Western Michigan University's Department of Political Science developed this site showing the evolution of the civil Rights Movement beginning with Brown v Board of Education of Topeka. Included is information about 1954 Brown v. Board of Education, 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1957 Desegregation at Little Rock, 1960 Sit-in Campaign, 1961 Freedom Rides, 1962 Mississippi Riot, 1963 Birmingham and March on Washington, and 1965 Selma.
Brown@50: Fulfilling the Promise
This rich Howard University site has primary material and court cases that prepared the way for the watershed Brown v Board of Education Topeka case. It also discusses companion cases and rulings related to educational equality that have come since.
Supreme Court and 'Brown v. Board of Ed.': The Deliberations Behind the Landmark 1954 Ruling
This National Public Radio site provides fascinating audio segments on the Brown v Board deliberations at the Court.
This is an overview of the famous case and a traveling exhibit put together by the Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research, Topeka, Kansas.
The Education of Ruby Nell by Ruby Bridges Hall, New Orleans, LA
This article by Ruby Bridges reflects on her experience in implementing the Brown v Board of Education decision in a southern segregated school. “A federal judge decreed that Monday, November 14, 1960 would be the day black children in New Orleans would go to school with white children. There were six of us chosen to integrate the city's public school system. Two decided to stay in their old schools. The other three were assigned to McDonough. I would be going to William Frantz alone.”
Brown v Board Digital Archive
Here is a digital archive of photos related to African American education under segregation during the Brown decision, and subsequent conflicts around its enforcement. These are fascinating and gripping materials but they require permission
Protester wearing a desegregation sign outside Mecklenburg Co.
School Board, Charlotte, North Carolina.
Teaching With Documents Lesson Plan: Documents Related to
Brown v. Board of Education
This National Archives lesson examines the issues and events surrounding the May 17, 1954, U.S. Supreme Court unanimous ruling in the landmark civil rights case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. State-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a violation of the 14th Amendment and was therefore unconstitutional. This historic decision marked the end of the "separate but equal" precedent set by the Supreme Court nearly 60 years earlier and served as a catalyst for the expanding civil rights movement during the decade of the 1950s.
Frontiers in Civil Rights: Dorothy E. Davis, et al. versus County School Board of Prince Edward County, Virginia
The arguments presented in school desegregation cases of the early 1950s illustrate how the "separate but equal" doctrine presented in the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 virtually closed the civil rights frontier for nearly 60 years. Conversely, the decisions rendered in the desegregation cases opened up that frontier and encouraged the expansion of the civil rights movement in the latter half of the twentieth century. Examine the arguments in the Dorothy Davis case in the National Archives lesson.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
This lesson from Landmark Cases of the Supreme Court provides resources and lessons on these topics related to Brown v Board
American Bar Association Commission on the 50th Anniversary ofBrown v. Board of Education
This site has several classroom activities related to the Brown decision including: A Famous Kansas Child, the story of Linda Brown for grades K-6; A Girl Named Linda, Linda Brown’s story and using photos for grades K-6; Can A Legal Decision Bring About Rapid Social Change? a look at the resistance to Brown for high school; Dialogue on Brown v. Board of Education, a set of resources for fostering dialogue among students, teachers and the legal community; and Equality Under Law, determining definitions of equality for grades 7-9.
Brown v. Board of Education Issue: Racial Segregation in Public Schools
This PBS site has background on the Brown v Board Case, sites for further Internet study, the specifics of the issue before the court, a summary and excerpt of ruling, results of the ruling, and classroom discussion ideas.
Revisiting 'Separate but Equal': Examining School Segregation 45 Years After Brown v. Board of Education
In this two-day New York Times lesson plan, students examine the struggle for desegregation during the Civil Rights Movement and relate it to a current study that finds that American schools are reverting to segregation.
Schools of Thought on Segregation: Exploring Differing Viewpoints on the Battle to Integrate America's Public Schools
In this New York Times lesson, students analyze how education in America affects its youth and the nation by assessing a variety of ways in which American courts and communities are dealing with the unanimous Supreme Court ruling to end 'separate but equal' education.
Constitutional Rights Foundation: Brown v. Board
This is a selection of articles, many drawn from CRF’s award winning Bill of Rights in Action, related to issues of slavery, racism, and segregation with discussion questions for classroom use.
Learning the Hard Way: Examining School Segregation Around the World
In this New York Times lesson using an article entitled “Bulgaria Opens School Doors for Gypsy Children,” students explore instances of segregated education around the world, supporting and refuting the idea through debate and persuasive essay. It is a great way for world history classes to examine the issue of school integration in honor of the anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education.
The Race to Learn: Exploring the Historical Role of Race in Education
In this New York Times lesson, students will learn about the history of education and race in the United States. By researching Supreme Court cases dealing with race and education, students will examine the ways in which institutions, federal and state governments, and the legislative branch have reflected changing social and cultural norms.
Brown v. Board: What It Means Today
Conduct interviews with people in your local community who experienced de jure segregation, who worked to overcome local school segregation or who advocate for contemporary school equity. Use Teaching Tolerance's interview questions as a starting point. Compile written interviews into a booklet; distribute copies to school board members and other community leaders. If audio is available, work with local radio stations to create student-produced segments on Brown.
Good, Diane L. Brown V. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone (Cornerstones of Freedom, Second Series). Children's Press, 2004
Haskins, James. Separate But Not Equal: The Dream and the Struggle. Scholastic, 1998.
Kelso, Richard. Days of Courage: The Little Rock Story. Steck-Vaughn, 1996
Landman, James H. “Brown v. Board of Education: Looking Back 50 Years” in Social Education, January/February 2004, pp.17-24.
Palokow, Amy. Daisy Bates: Civil Rights Crusader. Linnet Books, 2003.
Somerlott, Robert. The Little Rock School Desegregation Crisis in American History (In American History). Enslow Publishers, 2001.