The Bill Of Rights
Glossary

The Bill of Rights

Amendment 1

Amendment 2

Amendment 3

Amendment 4

Amendment 5

Amendment 6

Amendment 7

Amendment 8

Amendment 9

Amendment 10

Glossary

Teacher Notes

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B

abridging Making changes or shortening something.
accusation Statement of guilt, someone saying that you did it, a charge against you.
acquitted Result in a trial when the accused is not found guilty or innocent, but released because there is not enough evidence to convict.
affirmation A positive statement, saying yes, or swearing to tell the truth.
amendment An addition to a document or policy, a change to the original.
ascertained Figured out, a conclusion was made.
assemble A meeting of a group, to meet or gather.
assistance Help in some way.
assures Guarantees to the best ability, like a promise.
attorney Lawyer.

C

capitol crime A very serious crime where life or limb has been taken.
censorship The altering or deleting of information by an authority.
charged When enough evidence is presented for a crime the person is told what they are accused of.
committed Done or carried out, as in he committed the crime.
common law Common practice that has been handed down through history by English law.
compelled Forced, against your will.
compensation Payment of some type, either in money, property, or status.
compulsory Mandatory, must do, don't have a choice of saying no.
confronted Face to face in a one against the other situation, in your face.
consent Permission.
consequences Actions that may be carried out against you in response to your actions.
constitution A document of policy determining how a government should and will act.
constitutional Referring to a constitution, something is constitutional if it agrees with the constitution.
construed Understood to mean, interpreted.
controversy An issue with opposing sides, the more one side is against the other, the more controversy exists.
convicted After the accused is put on trial and found to be guilty, he is convicted, or sent to
counsel An attorney, or lawyer.
criminal Term used to describe anyone who commits or has committed a crime.
criticizing Finding something wrong with an argument, person, or object.

D

defense Means of claiming that you are not guilty, attempt to prove the accusations wrong.
delegated Assigned duties or responsibilities to another.
deny Saying that something is not true.
deprived Not allowed to have.
disparage To not count as very important, to lessen the meaning of something or someone.
due process A process of steps where everyone is treated equally and all have a chance to speak.

E

enumeration A listing of rights, or steps.
evidence Any physical things or witnesses that make it look like the accused is guilty or innocent.
excessive More than enough, too much.
execution The killing of another person in a ritual style, in this case, by the state.

F

favor To give special treatment.
founding fathers Men who helped create the country, Washington, Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, etc.

G H

grand jury A group of people who listen to evidence and decide if there is enough evidence to charge someone with a crime prior to trial.
grievances Complaints, statement about unfair treatment or conditions.
guilty All the evidence indicates that the person did it, they are guilty.

I

impartial Not having a favorite side or person. Ability to be fair.
imposed Put upon, something done to you without your permission.
indictment A written statement charging a person with a crime.
infamous crime Crime or series of crimes by a person with an evil reputation.
inflicted Caused damage, pain, or punishment to another
initiative First step taken by a person or group of people to change a law or policy.
inmates Term for those in jail or prison.
innocent Free from guilt or blame, did not do it.

J K

jeopardy Danger.
justify To show that one is right or legally correct.
Ku Klux Klan White supremacy group that is not tolerant of minorities and has a long history of violence.

L M N O

libel A statement spoken, drawn, or even written that damages someone's reputation or good name.
limb Body part, usually refers to arm or leg.
militia Group of citizens with some military training called upon in an emergency.
oath A promise before witnesses.
offense The act of doing something wrong.
outraged Very, very mad.

P

particularly Especially.
petition A written document signed by citizens to show support and agreement on an issue.
prejudiced Having feelings or opinions about an individual or group prior to knowing much about them, without good reason.
prescribed Directed or ordered to do a specific task.
presentment Act of presenting a statement of action to an authority, as in a grand jury to a judge.
preserved Protected from injury or harm.
prevent To keep from happening, stop something before it starts.
probable cause Legal term referring to a police officers reasonable belief that someone has committed a crime.
procedure Series of steps followed to guarantee that all steps are taken.
prohibited, prohibiting To make impossible, not allowed, to prevent.
proponents People in favor of a position, supporters.
prosecution The process or lawyer(s) trying to prove that the accused is guilty
pursue To follow or chase, go after.

Q R

quartered Keep in your home, or in the case of punishment - torn into four pieces by horses pulling in four different directions.
ratified Approved.
redress To remedy, or to right a wrong.
reexamined To look at again.
regulate To control through legislation (laws), put rules on something.
respectively In a certain order, each item refers to another.
reserved Put aside for, to be used only for.
respecting In regards to, referring to.
rights Freedoms and privileges that are granted to each citizen either through a government or through "natural law," meaning that's just the way it's supposed to be.

S T

security Safety and protection.
seized Taken control of, or taken away.
slander Making false and damaging statements about someone's reputation.
subpoena A court document ordering someone to come to court for a trial.
suits As in law suit, a case or charge brought by one person against another seeking a legal solution.
summons A court document ordering someone to come to court for a trial.
testify Statements made in court under oath, saying your side of what happened.
testimony Statements made by a witness under oath about what he or she knows about the crime.
trial Legal procedure used to determine the truth about a crime or offense, and to determine guilt or innocence of the accused.

U V W X Y Z

violated Breaking of a law, or rule, caused harm to another.
warrants Court documents issued for arrests or for searches, must be issued by a judge.
witness Anyone with first hand knowledge of the events surrounding a crime, or absence of a crime.