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Showing Grade 12, Unit 4b, Constitutional Amendment Process
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Do We Need A New Constitutional Convention

Description: Article V of the Constitution provides two methods for adding Amendments. Congress introduces amendments by one method; the states initiate them under the other. The only method ever used is the congressional method. It lets Congress pass constitutional amendments by a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Such amendments must then be ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures or special state conventions, as Congress determines. The other way of amending the Constitution has never been successfully used. Do we need a new constitutional convention? Why or why not? If so, what amendments should be considered by it? Standard 12.4.2

Author: Andrew Costly, Constitutional Rights Foundation

Lesson ID: 1409

The Amendment Process: Texas v. Johnson (1989)

Description: In 1984, Gregory Lee Johnson was arrested for burning the U.S. flag at the Republican National Convention in Texas. He was charged with violating a Texas law that banned the desecration of the flag in an offensive manner. In the 1989 case of Texas v. Johnson, the Supreme Court of the United States said that Johnson's burning of the flag was a form of symbolic speech that is protected by the First Amendment. The Court mentioned the importance of protecting free speech, especially speech that is unpopular or offensive to others. It said, "If there is a bedrock principle underlying the First Amendment, it is that the government may not prohibit the expression of an idea simply because society finds the idea itself offensive or disagreeable." Standard 12.5.3

Author: Landmark

Lesson ID: 1014

Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment

Description: Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change in the Constitution. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. The records of the National Archives and Records Administration reveal much of this struggle. Standards 8.6.6, 11.5.4, 11.10.7 and 12.4.2

Author: National Archives

Lesson ID: 1276

3 lessons found; showing 10 per page, sorted by Title...
Showing Grade 12, Unit 4b, Constitutional Amendment Process
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