Teacher Notes

Grade Level/Unit: H/SS Framework Grade 5, Unit 4 Trans-Appalachian West


H/SS Standards Grade 5.8:

Students trace the colonization, immigration and settlement patterns of the American people from 1789 to the mid-1800's, with emphasis on the defining role of economic incentives and the effects of the physical and political geography and transportation systems, in terms of:

1.the waves of immigrants from Europe between 1789 and 1850 and their modes of transportation as they advanced into the Ohio and Mississippi Valley and through the Cumberland Gap (e.g., overland wagons, canals, flatboats, steamboats)

Language Arts Standards Grade 5:

Reading: Students read and understand grade-level appropriate material. They describe and connect the essential ideas, arguments and perspective of text, and they relate structure, organization and purpose.

Listening and Speaking: Students deliver focused, coherent presentations that convey ideas clearly and relate to the background and interests of the audience. Student speaking demonstrates command of standard English and organized and prepared delivery strategies.

Information Literacy Skills:

Lesson Purpose:
The students will:

  1. Describe types of transportation developed in the late 1700s-1800s.
  2. Identify major routes used by the transportation to cross the Appalachian Mountains.
  3. Learn about the lives of the transportation creators.
  4. Give a living history presentation, becoming a character from the past.

Length of the Lesson

This is a project with many variables. The initial research can be done in 3-5 class periods or sooner if the entire class has access to a computer. The model building will take a few days to gather the supplies then approximately three class periods to build and one period to paint. The map work could be done in two 40 minute periods or assigned as homework. The presentation of the first person reports can be spread out over one week with one group presenting each day or taking more time to see them all at once.