The overall goal of the activity is to provide learning situation that will be all encompassing. The work that is involved in preparing for and participating in the simulated Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council will give the students in-depth knowledge of the role of NATO today and the situation that exists in Russia, the former soviet republics, and Eastern Europe.
This lesson is designed for 10th Grade World History and Geography: The Modern World
Students will learn that the new Russia and the former Soviet republics are still experiencing major political, economic and social changes that the NATO countries must deal with in the future.
|H/SS Content Standard 10.9--Students analyze the international developments in the postwar world, in terms of . . . Soviet control over nations of Eastern Europe . . . uprisings in Poland (1952), Hungary (1956), and Czechoslovakia (1968) and their resurgence in the 1970's and 1980's as people in Soviet satellites sought freedom from Soviet control . . . the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union, including the weakness of the command economy, burdens of military commitments, and growing resistance to Soviet rule by dissidents in satellite states and the autonomous republics . . . the establishment and works of the United Nations, SEATO, and NATO, Organization of American States and their purposes and functions. (World History and Geography: The Modern World Standard 10.9.1; 10.9.4; 10.9.6; and 10.9.7)
Analysis Skills -- Students distinguish valid arguments from fallacious arguments in historical interpretations. Students construct and test hypotheses; collect, evaluate and employ information from multiple primary and secondary sources; and apply it in oral and written presentations. Students show the connections, causal and otherwise, between particular historical events and larger social, economic and political trends and developments.
|E/LA Standards Grades 9/10: Reading Comprehension -- Students read and understand grade-level appropriate material. Generate relevant questions that can be researched. Synthesize the content and ideas from several sources dealing with a single issue... and paraphrase the ideas and connect them to other sources nd related topics to demonstrate comprehension. Extend ideas presented n primary or secondary sources through original analysis, evaluation, and elaboration. Listening and Speaking: Students formulate adroit judgments about oral communication. They deliver focused and coherent presentations of their own that convey clear and distinct perspectives and solid reasoning.|
Each assigned group will have tasks to perform that require the use of Information Literacy Skills, such as: (1) getting information about their respective countries in preparation for the EAPC meeting; (2) "accessing, evaluating and using information needed" to participate successfully in the meeting; (3) negotiating with other countries to produce a final agreement at the EAPC meeting.
If these skills have not already been covered in the class's or school curriculum, it would be wise to cover the skills and techniques of Information Literacy before the activity starts.
Student preparation and participation in the simulated meeting of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council under the auspices of NATO will allow students to thoroughly study (1) how the Soviet Union under Stalin was able to get control over the nations of Eastern Europe; (2) show that there was bitter resentment on the part of these Soviet satellites; (3) how as a result of the weaknesses of the Soviet system and the resistance by dissidents caused the collapse of the Soviet Union; (4) why NATO was established, how it functioned in containing the threat of the Soviet Union, and (5) how NATO is trying to determine a new role in the world now that the Soviet Union no longer exists.
Length of Lesson
This activity can last anywhere from one to two weeks (45-50 minute periods of a traditional
Resources or Material Needed
Internet Connection--The more "robust" your classroom or school's internet connection, the better, for the success of the activity!
Imagination--The more imaginative you and your students are in making the simulated EAPC meeting look real--the better! For instance, have student display their nation's flag, "dress up" as diplomats, use formal diplomatic language as much as possible, wear earphones as if they were tuned in to translators, etc.
Model UN Example--An excellent resource for information on setting up a simulated international meeting such as EAPC would be to consult the American Model United Nations website at http://www.amun.org/amun/.
Background Information that Might Be Helpful
If you have covered the dictatorial regimes of Hitler and Stalin, and some of the Postwar Era including with the Berlin Airlift, the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan; this should be sufficient background to launch into this activity on Russia and NATO.
To summarize, the sequence of the activity will be as follows:
Terence M. Fix
Manteca High School
Manteca Unified School District
Lesson reviewed for accuracy by Steve Merritt, University of California, Riverside
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