CIVIL WAR MEDICINE VOCABULARY
1. AMPUTATION--a surgical operation used to remove an hand, arm, foot or leg.
2. ANESTHESIA--a drug used to make patients unconscious before surgery.
3. CHLOROFORM--the most common anesthesia used in the Civil War.
4. DYSENTERY--a disease of the intestines which caused severe diarrhea.
5. LIGATURE--tying ends of blood vessels in the body to stop bleeding.
6. MINNIE BALL--bullet fired from rifles during the Civil War.
7. MORPHINE--a very powerful pain-killing drug used during the Civil War.
8. SCALPEL--a small, sharp knife used by surgeons to cut through skin and other soft tissue.
9. STYPTICS--drugs which absorb blood and stop bleeding.
10. SUTURES--silk thread stitches used to sew up wounds.
11. TOURNIQUET--a device which wraps around an arm or leg and is tightened to stop bleeding.
12. TYPHOID FEVER--a very deadly disease caused by bad food and water.
Courtesy of U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service