The American Revolution Review Worksheet
    Questions
    1. What was the Proclamation of 1763, and why did it anger British colonists in America?

    1.The Proclamation of 1763 angered the Brittish colonists because it prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountain range. Furthermore, those who had already settled in the region were required to relocate to the eastern side of the Appalachians.

    2. What was salutary neglect, and how did it benefit the colonists?

    2.Salutory Neglect was a Brittish policy of the early 1700's in which England did not enforce colonial laws upon the American Colonies. Because of this policy, colonists often disregarded English law without consequencess, which allowed them greater .

    3. What was the Stamp Act, and how did the colonists respond to it?

    3.The Stamp Act of 1965 taxed all printed materials in the colonies such as newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, licences, almanacs, dice and playing cards. The money generated by this taxation was intended to be used to pay for the costs of the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act angered the colonists, and in response to the Act, protests, and rioting erupted in the streets of Boston and Philedelphia. The Stamp Act Congress, a group consisting of representitives from 9 colonies sent a declaration of their rights to King George demanding the repeal of the hated Stamp Act.

    4. What caused the British government to blockade the port of Boston?

    4. The Brittish Government blockaded the port of Boston, untill the colonists paid for the tea that was destroyed in the Boston Tea Party.

    5. What was the purpose of the First Continental Congress? Did it achieve its goals?

    5.The purpose of the First Continental Congress was to pass a resolution declaring the Intolerable acts null and void, as well as to call for other protests against the Brittish government. They were sucessful in that they sucessfully formed the Continental Association to enforce an embargo on Brittish goods.

    6. What happened as a result of the Second Continental Congress?

    6. The Second Contenental Congress met in the summer of 1965 and continued to conviene throughout the Revolutionary War. As a result of the congress, the Contenental Army was established, with George Washington as the Commander-in-Chief. In addition to the Contenental Army, the Second Contental Congress wrote the Declaration of Independence.

    7. What ideas did many colonists use to justify independence from Great Britain?

    7. In 1776, Thomas Paine published a pamphlet entitled Common Sense. This pamphlet called for the people of the Colonies to protect their rights, and to fight against the unjust rule of King George III by declaring their indedpendence from England. This pamphlet instantly became a best seller in the colonies, and soon after, the continental congress wrote the Declaration of Independence.

    8. List three or more reasons the colonists were able to win their independence from Great Britain.

    8. The colonists were able to win their independence due to French support. France and England were enemys, and the French sent the colonies aid (soldiers, and supplies) to see thier enemy defeated. With the help the the French, the Colonists had many advantages over the Brittish Army. The Continental Army had a radically different fighting style than did the Brittish army did, thier gurilla fighting tactics were a disadvangate to the traditional fighting style of the Brittish. In addition, the Continental Army had an advantage over the Brittish, in that they were fighting on their own homeland. Finally, the superior dedication and leadership of George Washington provided a great advantage to the Colonial Army.

    9. Describe the Articles of Confederation.

    9. The Articles of Confederation were drafted in 1777 and ratified by the colonies four years later in 1781. The Articles called for a union of the colonies for the purposes of mutual friendship, common defense, and support of their general welfare. Under the Articles of Confederation, there was no federal court system, and no executive leader of the union. The Articles called for a national Congress, who's duties included foreign affairs, treaty negotiation, control of the national army, the sole right to coin money, and to establish a postal system. Colonies had equal representation under the Articles. The Articles of Confederation outlined a weak central government, thereby not threatening the individual powers of the colonies. The most significant weakness of the Articles of Confederation, was its inability to tax the citizens of Colonies. Instead the country depended on the colonies contributing their designated share of the funds necessary to run the government. Often, the federal government was unable to collect the money it needed from the states.

    10. What replaced the Articles of Confederation as the plan for running the United States?

    10. The Constitution of the United States of America.