The ancient Israelites adapted to their
environment as all successful
civilizations must do to survive.
Where there was only grass and rocks,
shepherds tended their flocks of sheep
Where there was a body of water filled with fish,
they worked as fishermen.
While the men worked as shepherds or fishermen,
the women did most of the household work including
grinding grain, making garments and making
cheese and butter.
The women gathered water from wells.
The ancient Israelite farmers followed a seasonal
schedule for harvesting and planting.
According to the Gezer Calendar, which was written around
925 B.C., the olive harvest lasted two months.
Grains like barley and wheat were planted. They
were harvested to be ground and
baked into breads.
The ancient Israelite farmers and shepherds had many
foods available to them including wheat, barley,
lentils, grapes, olives, nuts and milk for cheese and
butter. They developed a strict code which told
them which animals could be eaten. They had
strict rules about cleanliness and food preparation.